Compiling xhprof for PHP 5.4

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We use xhprof to profile our web application framework. The pecl installer was failing with `[xhprof.lo] Error 1` in the make phase with PHP 5.4. Here's how to fix that.

Currently, trying
sudo pecl install xhprof-beta
throws the following errors in the `make` phase for PHP >= 5.4:

In file included from /usr/include/php5/main/php.h:33:0,
from /tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:27:
/usr/include/php5/main/php_config.h:2396:0: warning: "_GNU_SOURCE" redefined [enabled by default]
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:24:0: note: this is the location of the previous definition
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:236:1: warning: 'visibility' attribute ignored [-Wattributes]
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:240:28: warning: 'visibility' attribute ignored [-Wattributes]
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c: In function 'hp_get_function_name':
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:898:10: warning: assignment discards 'const' qualifier from pointer target type [enabled by default]
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:909:13: warning: assignment discards 'const' qualifier from pointer target type [enabled by default]
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:911:13: warning: assignment discards 'const' qualifier from pointer target type [enabled by default]
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:930:34: error: 'znode_op' has no member named 'u'
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:963:9: warning: passing argument 1 of 'hp_get_base_filename' discards 'const' qualifier from pointer target type [enabled by default]
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:856:14: note: expected 'char *' but argument is of type 'const char *'
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c: In function 'hp_execute_internal':
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:1650:24: error: 'znode_op' has no member named 'u'
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:1651:59: error: 'struct <anonymous>' has no member named 'return_reference'
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:1652:25: error: 'znode_op' has no member named 'u'
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c: In function 'hp_compile_file':
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:1683:3: warning: passing argument 1 of 'hp_get_base_filename' discards 'const' qualifier from pointer target type [enabled by default]
/tmp/pear/temp/xhprof/extension/xhprof.c:856:14: note: expected 'char *' but argument is of type 'const char *'
make: *** [xhprof.lo] Error 1
ERROR: `make' failed

According to a PHP bug report, this issue was fixed by Facebook but not made available on pecl, so you will need to install from the xhprof github repo, like so:

wget https://github.com/facebook/xhprof/archive/master.zip
unzip master.zip
cd xhprof-master/extension/
phpize
./configure
make
sudo make install

And enable the module in your php.ini, where `xhprof.output_dir` is the directory into which profiles will be generated.

[xhprof]
extension=xhprof.so
xhprof.output_dir="/var/tmp/xhprof"

And restart apache, with either of the following two:
sudo service apache2 restart or sudo apachectl graceful

Existing users who have upgraded to PHP 5.4 may opt for this xhprof-0.9.2 patch.